Loreto was once the capital of a piece of territory stretching from California to Texas that included Sonora, Sinaloa and Coahuila. Nowadays it is the heart of a natural paradise known as the Sea of Cortés.

Loreto is located between the sea and the Sierra de la Giganta, the city is approximately 400 km from the far south of the peninsula with warm climate that fluctuates around 28ºC. Loreto Bay, which includes Coronado, Del Carmen, Danzante, Montserrate and Santa Catalina islands has been protected as a National Maritime Park since June 7 2000. It provides refuge for mother-of-pearl, starfish, sea urchins, fan coral, killer whales, blue whales, dolphins and sea lions.

Loreto Baja California was accidentally discovered in late 1533, Baja California has a history that blends ambition, scientific curiosity, evangelizing zeal and the challenges of nature. For over 150 years, it was considered an island, and several expeditions landed here in search of the pearls that originally made it famous. They all failed because of the difficulties of obtaining supplies, the resistance of the Indians and attacks by pirates, until October 25 1697 when Juan María Salvatierra created the first permanent settlement when he established the mission of Nuestra Señora de Loreto. The mission constituted an initial attempt at colonization, and served as the capital of the territory until 1829 when an earthquake destroyed the city and the capital was relocated to La Paz. It would be another 150 years, however, before Loreto was fully integrated into the country’s development, its international airport was built and its trans-peninsular highway was built.

Because of its biological diversity and geological peculiarities, Loreto is an ecological entity with varied ecosystems. The coastline in and around Loreto is one of the richest and most varied in Baja. You will find the towering Sierra La Giganta Mountains, reefs, caverns, bays, oasis, a multitude of islands, coves - all influencing and being influenced by the climate of Loreto.

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